The Speleological Multi-Lingual Dictionary 
with Croatian update

Speleološki višejezični rječnik
hrvatski-engleski-njemački-francuski-talijanski

 

An International joint effort of the Caver's Dictionary Working Group of the UIS (International Union of Speleology) Informatics Commission. The original version editor was dr. Attila KÓSA.
For Croatian update, ISO-8859-2 = (Latin-2) character set is needed.

Croatian translation: first version (1997-1998.) by dr. Mladen Garašić
Croatian translation: update and corrections (2005-2008.) by dr. Nenad Buzjak, dr. Dalibor Paar

Literature/literatura
Josip Roglic (1974): Prilog hrvatskoj krškoj terminologiji (Contribution to Croatian Karst Terminology), Krš Jug., 9/1, 1-72, Zagreb

Additional literature / Dodatna literatura (opis pojmova na engleskom)
PDF
Malcolm S. Field, A Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology with Special Reference to Environmental Karst Hydrology, The Karst Waters Institute, 2002. 
J. N. Jennings, Cave and Karst Terminology
, AUSTRALIAN SPELEOLOGICAL FEDERATION INCORPORATED ADMINISTRATIVE HANDBOOK, 1997.

Pozivaju se svi zainteresirani da pošalju dopune  na e-mail
Zadnja promjena/Last update: 15.05.2008.

hr =Croatian (Hrvatski) / en =English / de =Germanfr =French / it =Italian


0:

en:

This is only a browser test concept; characters should agree with their description

hr:

čćšžđ - Croatian characters

de:

ö-o diaeresis; ß-sharp s (Beta)

fr:

è-e grave; ê-e circumflex

it:

à-a grave


1:

hr:

litoralna (morska, abrazijska) špilja

en:

littoral cave; sea cave

de:

Brandungshöhle (e); Seehöhle

fr:

grotte (f) littorale

it:

grotta (sf) costiera


2:

hr:

glina

en:

clay

de:

Lehm (r)

fr:

argile (f)

it:

argilla (sf)


3:

hr:

jama, vertikalni speleološki objekt

en:

pit (US); pitch (GB); pot; shaft

de:

Schacht (r); Schachthöhle (e); Schlund (r); Schlot (r)

fr:

puits (m); aven (m); gouffre (m); cheminée (f)

it:

pozzo (sm)


5:

hr:

tlocrt

en:

plan

de:

Grundriß (r)

fr:

plan (m)

it:

pianta (sf)


6:

hr:

lažno dno

en:

false floor

de:

Zwischenboden (r)

fr:

faux-plancher (m)

it:

falso pavimento (sm)


7:

hr:

pseudokrš, (polukrš)

en:

pseudokarst

de:

Pseudokarst (r)

fr:

pseudokarst (m)

it:

pseudocarso (sm)


8:

hr:

stalagmit

en:

stalagmite

de:

Bodenzapfen (r); Stalagmit (r)

fr:

stalagmite (f)

it:

stalagmite (sf)


9:

hr:

alpinist, penjač

en:

mountaineer

de:

Alpinist (r); Bergsteiger (r)

fr:

alpinist(e) (m)

it:

alpinista (sm/f)


10:

hr:

alpinizam, planinarstvo

en:

mountaineering

de:

Alpinismus (r); Bergsteigen (s)

fr:

alpinisme (m)

it:

alpinismo (sm)


11:

hr:

penjačke, alpinističke tehnike

en:

alpine techniques

de:

Alpintechnik (e)

fr:

technique (f) alpine

it:

tecnica (sf) alpina


12:

hr:

aragonit

en:

aragonite

de:

Aragonit (r)

fr:

aragonite (f)

it:

aragonite (sf)


13:

hr:

arheološka iskapanja

en:

archeological dig; excavation

de:

Ausgrabung (e); Grabung (e)

fr:

fouille (f) archéologique

it:

scavo (sm) archeologico


14:

hr:

mineral

en:

mineral

de:

Mineral (s)

fr:

 

it:

minerale (sm)


15:

hr:

 suha dolina

en:

dry valley

de:

Trockental (s)

fr:

vallée (f) sèche

it:

valle (sf) secca


16:

hr:

prečnica, traverza

en:

through cave

de:

Durchgangshöhle (e)

fr:

traversée (f)

it:

traversata (sf)


18:

hr:

barit

en:

barite (US); barytes (GB)

de:

Barit (r); Baryt (r)

fr:

baryte (f)

it:

barite (sf)


19:

hr:

špilja, spilja

en:

cave

de:

Höhle (e)

fr:

grotte (f)

it:

grotta (sf)


19A:

hr:

kaverna

en:

cavern

de:

Höhle (e)

fr:

caverne (f)

it:

caverna (sf); cavità (sf)


20:

hr:

geodetsko, topografsko snimanje

en:

surveying

de:

Vermessung (e)

fr:

topographie (f)

it:

rilievo (sm)


21:

hr:

speleolog

en:

speleologist

de:

Höhlenforscher (r)

fr:

spéléologue (m.& f)

it:

speleologo/a (sm/f)


21A:

hr:

špiljar, jamar

en:

caver; spelunker (US)

de:

Höhlenforscher (r)

fr:

spéléologue (m.& f)

it:

grottista (sm/f)


22:

hr:

speleološka oprema

en:

caving gear

de:

Höhlenausrüstung (e)

fr:

matériel (m) de spéléo

it:

attrezzatura (sf) speleo


23:

hr:

speleologija

en:

speleology

de:

Speläologie (e)

fr:

spéléologie (f)

it:

speleologia (sf)


23A:

hr:

špiljarstvo

en:

caving

de:

Höhlenforschung (e);

fr:

spéléologie (f)

it:

speleologia (sf)


24:

hr:

speleoterapija

en:

speleotherapy

de:

Höhlentherapie (e); Speläotherapie (e)

fr:

spéléothérapie (f)

it:

speleoterapia (sf)


25:

hr:

špiljski biseri, pizoliti

en:

cave pearl (GB); pisolite (US)

de:

Höhlenperle (e); Pisolith (r)

fr:

perle (f) de grotte; pisolithe (f)

it:

perla (sf) di grotta; pisolite (sf)


26:

hr:

špiljska umjetnost, špiljske slikarije

en:

cave art

de:

Höhlenkunst (e)

fr:

art pariétal (m+adj)

it:

arte (sf) rupestre


27:

hr:

troglokseni

en:

trogloxene

de:

Höhlengast (r); Trogloxene (r); Zufallgast (r)

fr:

trogloxéne (adj)

it:

troglosseno (sm)


28:

hr:

troglofili

en:

troglophile

de:

höhlenliebendes Tier (r); Troglophile (r)

fr:

troglophile (adj)

it:

troglofilo (sm)


29:

hr:

speleogeneza

en:

speleogenesis

de:

Höhlenbildung (e); Höhlenentstehung (e)

fr:

spéléogenèse (f)

it:

speleogenesi (sf)


30:

hr:

speleologija

en:

speleology

de:

Höhlenkunde (e)

fr:

spéléologie (f)

it:

speleologia (sf)


32:

hr:

trogloditi

en:

cave dweller; troglodyte

de:

Höhlenbewohner (e)

fr:

troglodyte (m)

it:

troglodita (sm/f)


33:

hr:

troglobionti

en:

troglobite

de:

Troglobiont (r); Troglobie (e)

fr:

troglodyte (m)

it:

troglobio (sm)


34:

hr:

kartiranje, topografsko snimanje

en:

mapping; surveying

de:

Vermessung (e)

fr:

topographie (f)

it:

rilievo (sm)


35:

hr:

topografski snimak, nacrt, karta

en:

map (to map); survey

de:

vermessen

fr:

lever (une topo) (v.tr); topographier (v.tr)

it:

rilevare (v.tr)


36:

hr:

špiljski crteži, piktografi

en:

cave engraving -(drawing) (GB); pictograph (US)

de:

Höhlenzeichnung (e); Höhlenmalerei (e)

fr:

dessin rupestre (m+adj)

it:

incisione (sf) rupestre; pittura (sf) rupestre


37:

hr:

špiljski sustav

en:

cave system

de:

Höhlensystem (s)

fr:

réseau (m); systéme (m)

it:

complesso (sm); sistema (sm) (-di grotte)


39:

hr:

nacrt, karta špilje

en:

cave map

de:

Höhlenplan (r)

fr:

plan (m); topographie (f)

it:

rilievo (sm)


40:

hr:

posjet špilji, obilazak špilje

en:

cave trip

de:

Höhlentour (e); Höhlenbefahrung (e)

fr:

excursion(f)

it:

escursione (sf); uscita (sf) (-in grotta)


41:

hr:

zaštita špilja

en:

cave conservation

de:

Höhlenschutz (r)

fr:

protection (f) des cavernes

it:

protezione (sf) delle grotte


42:

hr:

bulin, pašnjak, mrtvi, najlonski čvor

en:

bowline

de:

Bulinknoten (r)

fr:

noeud (m) de chaise

it:

(nodo) bolina (sm)


43:

hr:

depresija

en:

depression

de:

Einbruch (r)(AT); Erdfall (r); Verbruch ((r)(AT)

fr:

dépression (f)

it:

depressione (sf)


43A:

hr:

ponor

en:

depression; sinkhole

de:

Einbruch (r)(AT); Erdfall (r); Verbruch ((r)(AT)

fr:

 

it:

 

44:

hr:

inflitracija

en:

infiltration; percolation

de:

Einsickerung (e)

fr:

infiltration (f)

it:

percolazione (sf); infiltrazione (sf)


45:

hr:

speleološki pojas, sjedište

en:

seat harness

de:

Sitzgeschirr (s); Sitzgurt (r)

fr:

cuissard (m); harnais (m)

it:

imbrago (sm)


46:

hr:

bivak

en:

bivouac

de:

Biwak (s)

fr:

bivouac (m)

it:


47:

hr:

osiguranje

en:

belay

de:

Sicherung (e)

fr:

assurance (f)

it:

sicura (sf)


48:

hr:

uže za osiguranje

en:

belay rope; life line

de:

Sicherungsseil (s)

fr:

corde d'assurance (f)

it:

corda (sf) di sicura; corrimano (sm)


49:

hr:

koraloidi, botroidi, grozdaste sige

en:

cave coral; coralloid; botryoid; popcorn (US)

de:

Erbsenstein (r); Pisolith (r); Traubensinter (r)

fr:

calcaire pisolithique (m+adj)

it:

calcare (sm) pisolitico; concrezione (sf) a cavolfiore; coralli (smpl) di grotta; pisolite (sf)


50:

hr:

breča

en:

breccia

de:

Breccie (e); Brekzie (e)

fr:

brèche

it:

breccia (sf)


52:

hr:

ronilačka oprema

en:

diving gear

de:

Taucherausrüstung (e); Tauchgerät (s)

fr:

équipement de plongée (m)

it:

attrezzatura (sf) subacquea


53:

hr:

ronilačko odijelo, mokro odijelo

en:

diving suit; wetsuit

de:

Tauchanzug (r); Neoprenkleidung (e)

fr:

combinaison de plongée (f); néoprène (m)

it:

muta (sf) subacquea; muta (sf) umida


54:

hr:

rijeka ponornica, ponornica

en:

lost river; sinking creek

de:

versickernder Fluß

fr:

perte (f) de rivière

it:

corso d'acqua che va sottoterra


55:

hr:

pružanje sloja, smjer nagiba sloja

en:

strike

de:

Streichen (s)

fr:

direction (f)

it:

direzione (sf)


56:

hr:

spiralni čvor, francuski prussik

en:

helical knot

de:

gedrehte Kletterknoten (r)

fr:

noeud (m) machard

it:


57:

hr:

stalaktit, zavjesa

en:

dripstone; (stalactite)

de:

Sinter (r); Tropfstein (r); Kalksinter (r)

fr:

concrétion (f)

it:

concrezione (sf); formazione (sf) (-concrezionale)


58:

hr:

zasigana špilja

en:

stalactite cave

de:

Tropfsteinhöhle (e)

fr:

grotte (f) concrétionnée

it:

grotta (sf) concrezionata


59:

hr:

štit, paleta

en:

shield

de:

Schild (Sinter-) (s)

fr:

couche (de) calcaire (f)

it:

colata (sf)(-concrezionale)


60:

hr:

stalaktitna zavjesa, draperija, zavjesa

en:

bacon rind (US); drapery; stalactite curtain

de:

Sintervorhang (r); Sinterfahne (e)

fr:

draperie (f) de stalactite

it:

cortina (sf); drappeggio (sm); fetta (sf) di prosciutto


63:

hr:

sigasta kora, sigovina

en:

flowstone

de:

Sinterdecke (e); Sinterkruste (s); Sinterüberzug (r)

fr:

couche stalagmitique (f)

it:

colata (sf) (-concrezionale)


64:

hr:

špiljska kamenica

en:

sinter pool

de:

Sinterbecken (s)

fr:

marmite (f)

it:

vaschetta (sf)


66:

hr:

kolotura

en:

pulley (swing open-)

de:

Rolle (ausklinkbare) (e)

fr:

poulie (f)

it:

carrucola (sf)


67:

hr:

čvor

en:

knot

de:

Knoten (r)

fr:

noeud (m)

it:

nodo (sm)


68:

hr:

vitlo

en:

winch

de:

Winde (e)

fr:

treuil (m)

it:

argano (sm); winch (sm)


69:

hr:

šišmiš

en:

bat

de:

Fledermaus (e)

fr:

chauve-souris (f)

it:

pipistrello (sm)


70:

hr:

denudacija

en:

denudation

de:

Denudation (e)

fr:

dénudation (f)

it:

denudamento (sm)


71:

hr:

nagib sloja

en:

dip

de:

Einfallen (s); Fallen (s)

fr:

pente (f)

it:

pendenza (sf)


72:

hr:

ponikva

en:

doline

de:

Doline (e)

fr:

doline (f)

it:

dolina (sf)


73:

hr:

dolomit

en:

dolomite

de:

Dolomit (r)

fr:

dolomite (f)

it:

dolomia (sf)


74:

hr:

dolomitični vapnenac

en:

dolomitic limestone

de:

dolomitischer Kalkstein (r)

fr:

calcaire dolomitique (m+adj)

it:

calcare (sm) dolomitico


75:

hr:

penjalica, bloker

en:

French ascender

de:

Dressler-Klemme (e)

fr:

bloqueur Dressler (m)

it:

bloccante (sm) (Dressler-Croll)


76:

hr:

ljestvice, (s metalnim prečkicama)

en:

cable ladder (US); electron ladder (GB); wire ladder (GB)

de:

Drahtseilleiter (e)

fr:

échelle metallique (f+adj)

it:

scala (sf) (-metallica); scaletta (sf)


77:

hr:

klasični apseil ili Düllfer

en:

rappel (US); abseil (GB)

de:

Dülfer (r); Dülfersitz (r)

fr:

descente en rappel (f); rappel (v)

it:

discesa (sf)


78:

hr:

brener, sapnica, žižak

en:

jet (acetylene) (GB); tip (US)

de:

Brenner (r)

fr:

bec (á acétylène) (m)

it:

ugello (sm); beccuccio (sm)


79:

hr:

čistač brenera, sapnice, žiška

en:

jet pricker (GB); tip cleaner (US)

de:

Brennerputzer (r)

fr:

débouche-bec (m)

it:

stura-beccuccio (sm)


80:

hr:

travertin, sedra

en:

freshwater limestone; sinter; travertine; tufa

de:

Kalktuff (r); Sinter; Süßwasserkalk (r)

fr:

travertin (m); tuf calcaire (m)

it:

concrezione (sf); travertino (sm)


81:

hr:

tehnika s jednim užetom, SRT

en:

single rope technique (SRT)

de:

Einseiltechnik (e)

fr:

technique (f) alpine

it:

tecnica (sf) di sola corda


82:

hr:

čvor za osiguranje, polučvor

en:

overhand knot

de:

Einfachknoten (r)

fr:

noeud (m) simple

it:

nodo (sm) piano


83:

hr:

kajla, uglava

en:

nut

de:

Klemmkeil (r)

fr:

coinceur (m)

it:

nut (sm)


84:

hr:

ispuna

en:

choke

de:

Versturz (r)

fr:

éboulis (m)

it:

ostruzione (sf)


85:

hr:

spuštanje, apsajlanje

en:

abseil (-ing) (GB); descent; rappel (-ing)

de:

Abseilen (s)

fr:

descente (f); rappel (m)

it:

discesa (sf)


87:

hr:

descendeur, kruška ili osmica

en:

figure eight descender

de:

Abseilachter (r)

fr:

it:

discensore (sm) a otto


88:

hr:

spuštalica, descender

en:

descender

de:

Abseilgerät (s)

fr:

descendeur (m)

it:

discensore (sm)


89:

hr:

erozija

en:

erosion

de:

Erosion (e)

fr:

érosion (f)

it:

erosione (sf)


90:

hr:

erozijska baza

en:

base level

de:

Erosionsbasis (e)

fr:

niveau (m) d' érosion

it:

livello (sm) di base


91:

hr:

erozijski džep, vrtložni lonac

en:

dolly tub; pothole (in a streambed); rockmill; solution pocket 

de:

Kolk (r); Strudeltopf (r); Laugtasche (e)

fr:

poche (f) d'erosion

it:

marmitta (sf), nicchia (sf) di dissoluzione


92:

hr:

nazupčana zavjesa

en:

tooth edge drapery

de:

Tropfsteinsäge (e); Sägezahnsinter (r)

fr:

bord (m) de draperie

it:

bordo (sm) dentellato di cortina (-concrezionale)


93:

hr:

prekriveni krš, skriveni krš

en:

buried karst; confined karst; covered karst

de:

bedeckter Karst (r)

fr:

karst (m) couvert

it:

carso (sm) coperto


94:

hr:

svjetiljka na kacigi ,čeona svjetiljka

en:

headlamp (US); headlight (GB)

de:

Kopflampe (e); Stirnlampe (e)

fr:

lampe (f) frontale

it:

luce (sf) frontale


95:

hr:

visoravan, plato

en:

plateau

de:

Plateau (s)

fr:

plateau (m)

it:

piano (sm); plateau (sm)


96:

hr:

drška, držač

en:

hold

de:

Handgriff (r)

fr:

prise (f)

it:

appiglio (sm); presa (sf)


97:

hr:

prečkica na ljestvama

en:

rung

de:

Sprosse (e)

fr:

barreau (m); échelon (m)

it:

gradino (sm); piolo (sm)


98:

hr:

podzemlje

en:

subsurface; subterranean; underground

de:

unterirdisch

fr:

souterrain (m/adj)

it:

sotterraneo (sm/ag); sotterraneo/a (ag)


99:

hr:

kanal, prolaz

en:

passage (cave-); passage

de:

Galerie (e); Höhlengang (r); Gang (r)

fr:

galerie (f); passage (m)

it:

condotta (sf); cunicolo (sm); galleria (sf); passaggio (sm)


100:

hr:

izvor špilja, izvor, vrelo

en:

debouchure; efflux cave; outflow cave; spring cave; resurgence; spring; rising

de:

Quellhöhle (r)

fr:

bouche (f) de résurgence

it:

cavità (sf) emittente; grotta (sf) sorgente; grotta-sorgente (sf); risorgente (sf)


101:

hr:

freatičko područje

en:

phreatic zone

de:

phreatische Zone (e)

fr:

zone (f) noyée

it:

zona (sf) freatica


102:

hr:

stalaktit

en:

stalactite

de:

Deckenzapfen (r); Stalaktit (r)

fr:

stalactite (f)

it:

stalattite (sf)


103:

hr:

gips

en:

gypsum

de:

Gips (r)

fr:

gypse (m)

it:

gesso (sm)


104:

hr:

gipsani cvijet

en:

gypsum flower

de:

Gipsblume (Gipsrosette)

fr:

fleur (f) de gypse

it:

fiore (sm) di gesso


105:

hr:

zaobljena, (sferna) dvorana, (šupljina)

en:

spherical cavity

de:

Laugungskolk (r)

fr:

cavité sphérique (f + adj)

it:

cavità (sf) sferica


106:

hr:

heliktit, ekscentrit

en:

anemolite; anthodite; eccentric; helictite

de:

Excentrique (e)

fr:

excentrique (f & adj)

it:

concrezione (sf) anomala; eccentrica (sf)


107:

hr:

vadozno područje

en:

vadose zone

de:

vadose Zone (e)

fr:

zone (f) amphibie; zone (f) vadose

it:

zona (sf) vadosa


108:

hr:

guano

en:

guano

de:

Guano (r)

fr:

guano (m)

it:

guano (sm)


109:

hr:

ljestvice od užeta

en:

rope ladder

de:

Seilleiter (e); Strickleiter (e)

fr:

échelle de corde (f)

it:

scala (sf) di corda


111:

hr:

zatezni čvor

en:

fisherman's knot

de:

einfacher Spierenstich (r)

fr:

noeud (m) de pêcheur

it:

(nodo-) barcaiolo (sm)


112:

hr:

dimnjak

en:

chimney (to); traverse (to)

de:

traversieren

fr:

traverser (v.tr); progresser (v. intr.) en verrou

it:

fare (vtr) un traverso


113:

hr:

pukotina, raspuklina

en:

fissure; joint

de:

Kluft (e); Spalte (e)

fr:

fissure (f)

it:

fessura (sf); giunto (sm) (di strato)


114:

hr:

pukotinska tektonska špilja

en:

fissure cave

de:

Klufthöhle (e)

fr:

grotte (f) à diaclase

it:

grotta (sf) tettonica


115:

hr:

špiljsko mlijeko, moonmilk

en:

moonmilk

de:

Bergmilch (e); Mondmilch (Mont-)(e)

fr:

mondmilch (m)

it:

latte (sm) di monte


119:

hr:

DED tehnika

en:

Inchworm system

de:

Froschtechnik (e); Raupentechnik (e)

fr:

méthode (f) ""Ded""

it:


120:

hr:

špilja s toplom vodom

en:

hydrothermal cave

de:

Thermalwasserhöhle (e)

fr:

grotte (f) hydrothermal

it:

grotta (sf) idrotermale


121:

hr:

Hiblerova penjalica

en:

Hiebler ascender

de:

Hiebler-Klemme (e)

fr:

bloqueur Hiebler (m)

it:


122:

hr:

pothlađivanje, hipotermija

en:

exposure; hypothermia

de:

Hypothermie (e); Unterkühlung (e)

fr:

hypothermie (f)

it:

ipotermia (sf)


123:

hr:

histoplazmoza, upala pluća

en:

histoplasmosis

de:

Histoplasmose (e)

fr:

histoplasmoses (f)

it:

istoplasmosi (sf)


124:

hr:

uzdužni profil

en:

elevation; longitudinal section; profile; section

de:

Längsschnitt,Längenschnitt (r)

fr:

coupe (f)

it:

sezione (sf) longitudinale; sezione (sf)


125:

hr:

petlja

en:

hitch; loop

de:

Schlinge (e); Sackstich (r)

fr:

boucle (f); noeud (m) de boucle

it:

asola (sf)


126:

hr:

špilja uređena za turiste, turistička špilja

en:

commercial cave (US); show cave

de:

Schauhöhle (e)

fr:

grotte (f) aménagée

it:

grotta (sf) turistica


127:

hr:

povremeni izvor, intermitentni izvor

en:

intermittant spring

de:

periodische Quelle (e)

fr:

source (f) intermittente; source (f) temporaire

it:

sorgente (sf) intermittente


128:

hr:

azimut, smjer

en:

compass bearing

de:

Richtung (e)

fr:

direction (f)

it:

direzione (sf)


130:

hr:

ledenica

en:

ice cave

de:

Eishöhle (e)

fr:

grotte (f) glacée

it:

grotta (sf) glaciale


131:

hr:

ledena siga

en:

icicle

de:

Eiszapfen (r)

fr:

glaçon (m)

it:

frammento (sm) di ghiaccio


132:

hr:

tablica mjerenja, ploča za crtanje

en:

survey record sheet

de:

Meßprotokoll (s)

fr:

carnet (m)

it:

foglio (sm) di rilievo


133:

hr:

žimar penjalica

en:

Jumar ascender

de:

Jumar-Klemme

fr:

bloqueur Jumar (m)

it:

Jumar (sm)


134:

hr:

kalcit

en:

calcite

de:

Calcit (r); Kalzit (r)

fr:

calcite (f)

it:

calcite (sf)


135:

hr:

kalcitna ploča

en:

calcite plate

de:

Kalzitplatte (e)

fr:

feuille (f) de calcite

it:

lastra (sf) di calcite


136:

hr:

faseta, strujnica

en:

current mark; flow marking; scallop; scallop mark

de:

Fließfacette (e); Fließmarke (e); Laugfacette (e)

fr:

cannelure (f); vague d'érision

it:

colpo (sm) di sgorbia; scallop (sm); scanalatura (sf)


137:

hr:

gibs penjalica

en:

ascender; cam type ascender; Gibbs ascender; ropewalker; "rope-eater" (GB)

de:

Steigklemme (e)

fr:

Gibbs (m); bloqueur (m)

it:

(bloccante-) Gibbs (sm); bloccante (sm); bloccante (sm) a clicchetto


138:

hr:

kapilarno područje

en:

capillary fringe

de:

kapillare Zone (e)

fr:

zone (f) capillaire

it:

zona (sf) capillare


139:

hr:

karabiner, sponka

en:

carabiner; "biner" (US); "krab" (GB); snaplink

de:

Karabiner (r)

fr:

mousqueton (m)

it:

moschettone (sm)


140:

hr:

karbidna (acetilenska) svjetiljka, karabitka

en:

carbide (light, lamp)

de:

Karbid (s) (Lampe) (e)

fr:

carbure (lampe (f) à-)

it:

(lampada (sf) a-) carburo


141:

hr:

škrape

en:

clints; karrenfeld (US); karren field (GB)

de:

Karren (e); Karrenfeld (s)

fr:

lapiaz (m)

it:

campo (sm) solcato; karren (smpl)


142:

hr:

krš

en:

karst

de:

Karst (r)

fr:

karst (m)

it:

carso (sm)


143:

hr:

špilja u kršu

en:

karstic cave

de:

Karsthöhle (e)

fr:

grotte (f) karstique

it:

grotta (sf) carsica


144:

hr:

krška zaravan

en:

karstic plateau

de:

Karstplateau (s)

fr:

plateau (m) karstique

it:

piano (sm) carsico


145:

hr:

krški izvor, vrelo

en:

exsurgence; karstic spring (source unknown); resurgence (source known)

de:

Karstquelle (e); Quelle (e); Wasseraustritt (r)

fr:

exsurgence; source (f) karstique

it:

sorgente (sf) carsica


146:

hr:

krški fenomen

en:

karstic phenomenon

de:

Karsterscheinung (e); Karstphänomen (s)

fr:

phénomène (m) karstique

it:

fenomeno (sm) carsico


147:

hr:

karstifikacija, okršavanje

en:

karstification

de:

Verkarstung (e)

fr:

karstification (f)

it:

carsificazione (sf)


148:

hr:

razina podzemne vode u kršu

en:

karst(ic) water table

de:

Karstwasserspiegel (r)

fr:

surface (f) d'eau karstique

it:

superficie (sf) idrica carsica


150:

hr:

špiljarska, speleološka udruga

en:

caving group; grotto (US)

de:

Forschergruppe (e)

fr:

groupe (m)

it:

gruppo (sm) speleologico; gruppo (sm) speleo


*151:

hr:

špiljska taložina, sediment, formacija, sigovina, speleothem

en:

cave deposit; formation; speleothem

de:

Formation (e); Gebilde (s)

fr:

formation (f)

it:

concrezione (sf); deposito (sm); formazione (sf); sedimento (sm); speleotema (sm)


152:

hr: 

profil, uzdužni presjek

en:

cross section

de:

Profil (s); Querschnitt (r)

fr:

profil (en travers) (f)

it:

sezione (sf) trasversale


153:

hr:

korozija miješanja

en:

mixing corrosion; mixture corrosion

de:

Mischungskorrosion (e)

fr:

solution (f) de mélange

it:

corrosione (sf) per miscela d'aque; effetto Boegli


154:

hr:

razvijeni profil, blok dijagrami, profilnice

en:

developed section; extended section

de:

Längsschnitt

fr:

coupe développée (f+adj)

it:

sezione (sf) longitudinale


155:

hr:

sidrište, hvatište

en:

anchoring

de:

Verankerung (e)

fr:

amarrage (m)

it:

armo (sm); ancoraggio (sm)


156:

hr:

špiljska ispuna, zapunjeni dijelovi špilje

en:

cave fill

de:

Ausfüllung (e); Höhleninhalt (r)

fr:

bouchon (m)

it:

riempimento (sm)


157:

hr:

udubljenje, abri, polušpilja, niša u stijeni

en:

niche; rock shelter

de:

Abri (s); Felsnische (e)

fr:

abri (m); creux de rocher (m); niche (f); niche (f) de roc

it:

nicchia (sf); riparo (sm)


158:

hr:

kameni prirodni most

en:

natural bridge

de:

Felsentor (s); Naturbrücke (e)

fr:

pont (m) de roche

it:

ponte (sm) di roccia


159:

hr:

kompas

en:

compass

de:

Kompaß (r)

fr:

compas (m)

it:

bussola (sf)


161:

hr:

korozija

en:

corrosion

de:

Korrosion (e)

fr:

corrosion (f)

it:

corrosione (sf)


162:

hr:

uže s omotačem

en:

kernmantle rope

de:

Kernmantelseil (s)

fr:

corde tressée (f+adj)

it:


163:

hr:

uže

en:

rope

de:

Seil (s)

fr:

corde (f)

it:

corda (sf)


165:

hr:

omotavanje užeta, sidrenje

en:

rigging

de:

Seilführung (e)

fr:

équipement (m); mise (f) en place de la corde

it:

armo (sm)


166:

hr:

kristal, ledac

en:

crystal

de:

Kristall (r)

fr:

cristal (m)

it:

cristallo (sm)


167:

hr:

okrugao brežuljak, krški kik, hum

en:

cone hill

de:

Kegelberg (r)

fr:

mamelon (m)

it:

collina (sf) a cono


168:

hr:

stožasti krški oblici 

en:

cockpit karst; conical karst; kegel karst; polygonal karst

de:

Kegelkarst (r)

fr:

karst (m) à cones

it:

carso (sm) a coni; carso (sm) poligonale


170:

hr:

provlačenje kroz suženje, puzanje

en:

catwalk (US); crawl (-way); drain pipe (GB); inchway (US); rabbit run (GB)

de:

Kriechgang (r); Schluf (r)

fr:

laminoir (m)

it:

cunicolo (sm); inghiottitoio (sm); laminatoio (sm); strettoia (sf)


171:

hr:

polukrš

en:

merokarst

de:

Halbkarst (r)

fr:

it:

merocarso (sm)


173:

hr:

foot špilja (u tropima)

en:

foot cave (tropical)

de:

Fusshöhle (e) (tropische)

fr:

grotte (f) de piémont (?) (tropicale)

it:


174:

hr:

labirint

en:

labyrinth (GB); maze (US)

de:

Labyrinth (s)

fr:

labyrinthe (m)

it:

labirinto (sm)


175:

hr:

flora uz rasvjetu

en:

lamp flora

de:

Lampenflora (e)

fr:

maladie (f) verte

it:


176:

hr:

ambulantni čvor, križni čvor

en:

reef knot (GB); square knot

de:

flache Knoten (r)

fr:

noeud (m) plat

it:

nodo (sm) piano


177:

hr:

vulkanska špilja

en:

lava cave; lava tube

de:

Lavahöhle (e); Lavaröhre (e)

fr:

grotte (f) de lave; tube (f) de lave

it:

grotta (sf) lavica; tubo (sm) di lava


178:

hr:

arheloško otkriće

en:

find (archeological-); finding

de:

Fund (r)

fr:

trouvaille (f)

it:

reperto (sm)(-archeologico)


179:

hr:

uporište

en:

foothold

de:

Tritt (r)

fr:

marche (f)

it:

appoggio (sm)


181:

hr:

lapor

en:

marl

de:

Mergel (r)

fr:

marne (f)

it:

marna (sf)


182:

hr:

mramor

en:

marble

de:

Marmor (r)

fr:

marbre (m)

it:

marmo (sm)


183:

hr:

penjanje

en:

climbing

de:

Klettern (s)

fr:

escalade (f)

it:

arrampicata (sf)


184:

hr:

uspon

en:

climb

de:

klettern

fr:

grimper (v.tr)

it:

arrampicare (vtr)


185:

hr:

penjalica

en:

ascender

de:

Klettergerät (s); Steigklemme (e)

fr:

bloqueur (m)

it:


186:

hr:

jarbol za penjanje

en:

maypole; scaling pole

de:

Klettermast (r); Steigbaum (r)

fr:

mât (m) d'escalade

it:

palo (am) (-per arrampicata); palo (sm) da risalita


187:

hr:

meandar

en:

meander

de:

Mäander (r)

fr:

méandre (m)

it:

meandro (sm)


188:

hr:

prsni navez, pojas

en:

chest harness

de:

Brustgurt (r)

fr:

baudrier (m) de pointrine

it:

imbrago (sm) pettorale


189:

hr:

speleospašavanje

en:

rescue (cave-)

de:

Rettung (Höhlen-) (e)

fr:

secours (spéléo) (m)

it:

Soccorso (sm) (-speleologico)


190:

hr:

ronjenje

en:

diving

de:

Tauchen (s)

fr:

plongée (f)

it:

immersione (sf); speleosub (sf)


191:

hr:

uron, zaron, roniti

en:

dive

de:

tauchen

fr:

plonger (v.intr./tr)

it:

immergersi (vintr)


192:

hr:

vapnenački

en:

calcareous

de:

Kalk-; kalkig

fr:

calcaire (adj)

it:

calcareo/a (ag)


193:

hr:

vapnenac

en:

limestone

de:

Kalkstein (r)

fr:

calcaire (m)

it:

calcare (sm)


194:

hr:

vapnenačka visoravan, vapnenačka zaravan

en:

limestone plateau

de:

Kalksteinplateau (s)

fr:

plateau (m) calcaire

it:

altopiano (sm) calcareo


196:

hr:

istaložena prepreka, kaskada, barijera

en:

gour; rimstone dam

de:

Sinterwall (r)

fr:

barrière (f) de tuff; gour (m)

it:

diga (sf) concrezionale; vasca (sf); vaschetta (sf) (piccolo)


199:

hr:

spit, klin

en:

bolt

de:

Bohrhaken (r); Spit (r)

fr:

spit

it:

spit (sm)


200:

hr:

otapanje

en:

solution

de:

Lösung (e)

fr:

solution (f)

it:

dissoluzione (sf)


201:

hr:

odron, urušenje, sipar

en:

breakdown (US); debris

de:

Verbruchschutt (r); Versturzschutt (r)

fr:

éboulis (m)

it:

frana (sf); crollo (sm)


202:

hr:

urušenje, uleknuće

en:

cave-in

de:

Verbruch ((r); Verbruch (r); Versturz (r)

fr:

trèmie (f)

it:

frana (sf); crollo (sm)


203:

hr:

samoosiguranje

en:

self belay

de:

Selbstsicherung (e)

fr:

autoassurance (f)

it:

autosicura (sf)


204:

hr:

samospašavanje

en:

self rescue

de:

Selbstrettung (e)

fr:

auto-secours (m)

it:

autosoccorso (sm)


206:

hr:

paleokrš, fosilni krš

en:

paleokarst (US); palaeokarst (GB)

de:

Paläokarst (r)

fr:

paleokarst (m)

it:

paleocarso (sm)


207:

hr:

sigasti stup, stalagnat

en:

column

de:

Säule (e)

fr:

colonne (f)

it:

colonna (sf)


208:

hr:

zaštitni kombinezon, radno odijelo

en:

boilersuit (GB); coverall (US); overalls; oversuit (GB)

de:

Overall (r); Schlaz (r)

fr:

combinaison (f)

it:

tuta (sf)


210:

hr:

hrbat, bilo

en:

ledge

de:

Kante (e); Vorsprung (e)

fr:

corniche (f); vire (f)

it:

cengia (sf)


211:

hr:

špilja s vodenim tokom

en:

river cave; stream cave

de:

Wasserhöhle (e)

fr:

grotte (f) active (f+adj); grotte (f) à rivière; grotte vivante (f+adj)

it:

grotta (sf) attiva


212:

hr:

osmica čvor, vodički, vodnički čvor

en:

figure eight loop

de:

Achterknoten (r)

fr:

noeud (m) en huit

it:

nodo (sm) delle guide con frizione; (nodo a-) otto


213:

hr:

rub, granica krša

en:

karst border/margin plain

de:

Karstrandebene (e)

fr:

it:


214:

hr:

spuštalica, descender Petzl

en:

Petzl's bobbin

de:

Petzl-Abseilbremse (e)

fr:

descendeur Petzl (m)

it:

discensore (sm) Petzl


216:

hr:

poligonski vlak

en:

survey line

de:

Meßpolygon (s)

fr:

polygone (m)

it:

poligonale (sf)


217:

hr:

polje

en:

polje

de:

Polje (s)

fr:

polje (m)

it:

polje (sm)


218:

hr:

prusikov čvor

en:

prusik knot

de:

Prusikknoten (r)

fr:

noeud (m) prussik

it:

(nodo-) prusik (sm)


219:

hr:

penjanje prusicima po užetu, prusiciranje

en:

prusiking

de:

prusiken

fr:

montée au noeud de prussik

it:

risalita (sf) con i prusik


221:

hr:

zamka, pomoćno uže

en:

safety cord; sling

de:

Reepschnur (e)

fr:

cordelette (f)

it:

corda (sf) di sicura; sicura (sf)


222:

hr:

sloj

en:

bed

de:

Schicht (Gestein-) (e)

fr:

banc (m); couche (f)

it:

strato (sm)


223:

hr:

međuslojna pukotina, vrh krovine sloja

en:

bedding plane

de:

Schichtfläche (e)

fr:

joint (m) de stratification

it:

piano (sm) di stratificazione; giunto (sm) di strato


224:

hr:

anastomoza

en:

anastomosis

de:

Lösung an der Schichtfläche (e)

fr:

anastomose (f)

it:

anastomosi (sf)


225:

hr:

slijed sedimentacije slojeva

en:

sequence of beds

de:

Schichtenfolge (e)

fr:

série (f) sedimentaire

it:

serie (sf) stratigrafica


226:

hr:

baterijska svjetiljka

en:

flashlight; torch (electric)

de:

Stablampe (e); Taschenlampe (e)

fr:

torche (f); lampe (f) de poche

it:

torcia (sf) (-a mano); torcia (sf) elettrica


227:

hr:

blato, mulj

en:

mud

de:

Schlamm (r)

fr:

boue (f)

it:

fango (sm)


228:

hr:

kaciga

en:

hardhat (US); helmet (GB)

de:

Helm (r)

fr:

casque (m)

it:

caschetto (sm); casco (sm); elmetto (sm)


229:

hr:

vijeno uže

en:

laid rope; (hawser) laid rope (GB)

de:

gedrehtes Seil (s)

fr:

corde torsadée

it:


230:

hr:

šant, univerzalna stezaljka

en:

shunt

de:

Shunt (r)

fr:

shunt (m)

it:

shunt (sm)


231:

hr:

jama, skok

en:

chasm

de:

Abgrund (r)

fr:

abîme

it:

abisso (sm)


232:

hr:

urušna ponikva

en:

collapse doline

de:

Einsturzdoline (e)

fr:

doline (f) d'effondrement

it:

dolina (sf) di crollo


233:

hr:

cijevčice, makaroni, tanki stalaktiti

en:

soda straw (US); straw stalactite (GB)

de:

Makkaronistalaktit (r); Sinterröhrchen (s); Tropfröhrchen (s)

fr:

macaroni (m); stalactite de paille

it:

stalattite (sf) tubolare; spaghetti (smpl)


234:

hr:

rogatka, spuštalica

en:

longhorn ring

de:

Hörnchen (s)

fr:

descendeur (cornu)(m)

it:


235:

hr:

klin

en:

piton

de:

Haken (r)

fr:

piton (m)

it:

spuntone (sm) (-di roccia)


236:

hr:

ugljični dioksid

en:

carbon dioxide

de:

Kohlendioxyd, -oxid (s)

fr:

dioxyde (f) de carbone

it:

anidride (sf) carbonica


237:

hr:

ugljična kiselina

en:

carbonic acid

de:

Kohlensäure (e)

fr:

acide carbonique (m+adj)

it:

acido (sm) carbonico


238:

hr:

sifon

en:

duck; sump; syphon

de:

Siphon (r)

fr:

siphon (m)

it:

passaggio (sm) allagato; sifone (sm)


239:

hr:

suhi prolaz preko sifona, prečnica (bajpas)

en:

dry passage over a syphon

de:

Siphonumgehungsgang (r)

fr:

shunt (m)

it:

by-pass (sm)


241:

hr:

razina erozije, terasa

en:

scour groove; terrace

de:

Erosionsmarke (e)

fr:

niveau (m) d' érosion

it:

livello (sm) (-di erosione); solco (sm) di erosione; terrazzo (sm)


242:

hr:

kat, razina, etaža

en:

level

de:

Niveau (s)

fr:

niveau (m)

it:

livello (sm)


243:

hr:

lađarski, vrzin čvor

en:

clove hitch

de:

Mastwurfknoten (r)

fr:

noeud (m) de Batalier

it:

(nodo-) barcaiolo (sm)


248:

hr:

kanjon

en:

canyon

de:

Cañon (r); Klamm (e); Schlucht (e)

fr:

cañon (f); gorge (f)

it:

forra (sf); gola (sf); canyon (sm)


249:

hr:

podzemna voda

en:

ground water

de:

Grundwasser (s)

fr:

eau souterraine (f+adj)

it:

falda (sf) acquifera


250:

hr:

razina podzemne vode

en:

ground-water table

de:

Grundwasserspiegel (r)

fr:

nappe (f) souterraine

it:

livello (sm) di falda


251:

hr:

urušna špilja

en:

breakdown cave (GB); talus cave (US)

de:

Überdeckungshöhle (e); Versturzhöhle (e)

fr:

fente (f) de décollement

it:

grotta (sf) di frana


252:

hr:

tunel, potkop, okno (umjetno)

en:

adit

de:

Stollen (r)

fr:

tunnel (artificiel) (m)

it:

galleria (sf) artificiale


253:

hr:

tektonika

en:

tectonics

de:

Tektonik (e)

fr:

tectonique (f)

it:

tettonica (sf)


254:

hr:

slojevitost

en:

bedding

de:

Lagerung (e)

fr:

gisement (m)

it:

giacitura (sf)


255:

hr:

dvorana

en:

chamber; hall; room

de:

Dom (r); Halle (e); Saal (Höhlen-) (r)

fr:

salle (m)

it:

sala (sf)


258:

hr:

nanos

en:

debris (cone)

de:

Schutt (r) (Halde) (e)

fr:

éboulis (m)

it:

cono (sm) detritico


259:

hr:

krški hum, krški stožac

en:

karst tower

de:

Karstturm (r); Turmberg (r)

fr:

karst à tour

it:

torre (sf) carsico


260:

hr:

krš humova, stožasti krš (Kina)

en:

tower karst

de:

Turmkarst (r)

fr:

karst (m) à tours

it:

carso (sm) a torri


261:

hr:

prečnica, prečenje

en:

traverse; chimneying

de:

Traversierung (e); Traversieren (s)

fr:

traverse (f); opposition (f)

it:

risalita (sf) (-in artificiale)


263:

hr:

taložina, sediment

en:

deposit; sediment

de:

Sediment (s)

fr:

dépôt (m); sédiment (m)

it:

deposito (sm); sedimento (sm)


265:

hr:

razvitak, nastanak spilje

en:

cavity development

de:

Aushöhlung (e)

fr:

affouillement (m); cavernement (m)

it:

formazione (sf) di cavità


266:

hr:

uvala

en:

uvala

de:

Uvala (e)

fr:

uvala (m)

it:

uvala (sm)


268:

hr:

bljeskalica, blic, fleš

en:

flash (electronic)

de:

Blitzgerät (s)

fr:

flash (f) électrique

it:

flash (sm)


269:

hr:

slijepa dolina

en:

blind valley

de:

Blindtal (s)

fr:

vallée (f) aveugle

it:

valle (sf) cieca


270:

hr:

začepljenje kamenim blokovima, kršljem

en:

boulder choke

de:

Endversturz (r)

fr:

éboulis final (m); trémie (f)

it:

ostruzione (sf) da frana o crollo


271:

hr:

rasjed

en:

fault

de:

Störung (e); Verwerfung (e)

fr:

faille (f)

it:

faglia (sf)


272:

hr:

rasjedna ravnina, paraklaza

en:

fault plane

de:

Gleitfläche (e); Harnischfläche (e)

fr:

plan (m) de faille

it:

piano (sm) di faglia


273:

hr:

sigurnosno uže

en:

trailing line

de:

Führungsseil (s)

fr:

main (f) courante

it:

corrimano (sm)


275:

hr:

žarulja za bljeskalicu

en:

flashbulb

de:

Blitzbirne (e)

fr:

ampoule (f) de flash

it:


276:

hr:

trasiranje i bojenje vode

en:

dye tracing; water tracing

de:

Wasserfärbung (e)

fr:

coloration (f); traçage (m)

it:

colorazione (sf); tracciamento (sm)


277:

hr:

područje vodozahvata, porječje,sljev

en:

catchment area; watershed

de:

Wassereinzugsgebiet (s)

fr:

bassin versant (m+adj)

it:

bacino (sm) di raccolta; spartiacque (sm)


278:

hr:

ponor

en:

ponor; sinkhole (US); swallet (GB); water swallow

de:

Ponor (r); Schluckloch (s); Schwinde (e)

fr:

perte (f); ponor (m)

it:

inghiottitoio (sm); perdita (sf)


279:

hr:

ponorska špilja, ponor

en:

ponor cave; sinkhole cave (US); swallet cave (GB)

de:

Ponorhöhle (e)

fr:

perte (f)

it:

cavità (sf) inghiottitoio; grotta (sf) assorbente


280:

hr:

trasiranje vode

en:

water tracing

de:

Wassermarkierung (e)

fr:

traçage (m)

it:

colorazione (sf); tracciamento (sm)


281:

hr:

vodonosnik, vodonosni sloj

en:

aquifer

de:

Aquifer (r); wasserhältige Schichte (e)

fr:

aquifère (f); couche aquifère (f)

it:

acquifero (sm/ag); falda (sf) acquifera


282:

hr:

dovodni špiljski kanal

en:

conduit

de:

wasserführender Gang (r)

fr:

boyau (m); conduite (f); cours souterrain (m+adj)

it:

condotta (sf)


283:

hr:

vodonepropusno

en:

impermeable

de:

wasserundurchlässig

fr:

imperméable (adj)

it:

impermeabile (ag)


284:

hr:

spuštalica rack

en:

rappel rack

de:

Rack (s)

fr:

descendeur à barrettes (m)

it:

rack (sm)


287:

hr:

tehnika za jame (vertikalne speleološke objekte)

en:

potholing (GB); vertical caving

de:

Schachtbefahrung (e)

fr:

spéléologie (f) verticale

it:

speleologia (sf) verticale


288:

hr:

jama iz stropa dvorane

en:

dome pit (specified in the Mammoth Cave, US)

de:

Domschacht (r)(typisch in Mammoth Höhle, USA)

fr:

it:


290:

hr:

Ariadnina nit, sigurnosna uzica, safe line

en:

Ariadne's thread

de:

Ariadnefaden (s)

fr:

fil d'Ariane (m)

it:

filo (sm) d'Arianna


291:

hr:

poplava, nagli dolazak vode

en:

flood rising

de:

Bröller (r); Hungerbrunnen (r)

fr:

estavelle

it:

piena (sf)


292:

hr:

propusnost, permeabilnost

en:

permeability

de:

Durchlässigkeit (e)

fr:

perméabilité (f)

it:

permeabilità (sf)


293:

hr:

epifreatičko područje

en:

epiphreatic zone

de:

epiphreatische Zone

fr:

it:

zona (sf) epifreatica


294:

hr:

dimnjak

en:

aven; chimney (aven, when climbable by chimneying)

de:

Schacht (r); Schlot (r)

fr:

cheminée (f)

it:

camino (sm)


295:

hr:

špilja-; speleo-

en:

cave-; speleo-

de:

höhlen-

fr:

spéléo-

it:


296:

hr:

podzemna građevina, umjetni podzemni objekt

en:

cave (artificial); man-made cave

de:

Grotte (e) (A)

fr:

grotte (f)

it:

cavità (sf) artificiale


297:

hr:

biospeleologija

en:

biospeleology

de:

Biospläologie (e)

fr:

biospéléologie (f)

it:

biospeleologia (sf)


298:

hr:

bivak

en:

bivouac

de:

Biwak (s)

fr:

bivouac (m)

it:

bivacco (sf); campo (sm) interno


299:

hr:

sige, sigovina, speleothemi

en:

dripstone formation

de:

Sintergebilde (s)

fr:

concrétion (f)

it:

concrezione (sf)


300:

hr:

udubljenje

en:

depression; shakehole (GB); sinkhole

de:

Depression (e)

fr:

dépression (f)

it:

dolina (sf)


301:

hr:

dolomitizacija

en:

dolomitisation (GB); dolomitization (US)

de:

Dolomitisierung (e)

fr:

dolomitisation (f)

it:

dolomitizzazione (sf)


302:

hr:

absajl, spuštanje po užetu

en:

abseil (GB); descend; rappel (US)

de:

abseilen

fr:

descendre (v.tr.) en rappel; rappel (v)

it:

scendere (vtr); scendere (vtr) (-con il discensore)


303:

hr:

fluorescein

en:

fluorescein

de:

Fluorescein (s)

fr:

fluorescéine (f)

it:

fluorescina (sf)


304:

hr:

fluviokrš

en:

fluviokarst

de:

Flutkarst (r); Fluviokarst (r)

fr:

fluviokarst (m)

it:

carso (sm) fluviale


305:

hr:

krško vrelo

en:

debouchure

de:

Quellenausfluß (r)

fr:

bouche (f) de résurgence

it:

risorgente (sf)


306:

hr:

fosil, okamina

en:

fossil

de:

fossile

fr:

fossile (adj)

it:

fossile (ag)


307:

hr:

puhaljka, špilja  rikavica

en:

blowhole

de:

Blasloch (s)

fr:

trou souffleur

it:

buco (sm) soffiante


308:

hr:

izolirani, lebdeći krš

en:

hanging karst

de:

hängender Karst (r)

fr:

karst perche (m+adj)

it:

carso (sm) sospeso


309:

hr:

špilja u ledenjaku

en:

glacier cave

de:

Gletscherhöhle (e)

fr:

tunnel (m) sous/glacier (m)

it:

grotta (sm) glaciale


310:

hr:

škrapa

en:

grike; gryke (GB)

de:

Kluftkarren (e)

fr:

it:

karren (sm) di diaclase


311:

hr:

pravi krš

en:

holokarst

de:

Holokarst (r)

fr:

it:

carso (sm) scoperto


312:

hr:

pakiranje

en:

boxwork

de:

Boxwork (s)

fr:

it:


313:

hr:

kalcij karbonat

en:

calcium carbonate

de:

Calciumcarbonat (s)

fr:

carbonate (m) de calcium

it:

carbonato (sm) di calcio


314:

hr:

vapnenačka ploča, stol

en:

limestone pavement

de:

fr:

it:

pavimento (sm) calcareo


315:

hr:

krški

en:

karstic

de:

Karst-

fr:

karstique (adj)

it:

carsico (ag)


316:

hr:

izvor, vrelo

en:

emergence; resurgence

de:

Wasseraustritt (r)

fr:

résurgence (f)

it:

risorgente (sf); risorgenza (sf)


317:

hr:

krško područje, krš

en:

karst region; karstland

de:

Karstgebiet (s); Karstlandschaft (e)

fr:

région karstique (f+adj)

it:

area (sf) carsica


318:

hr:

područje aeracije, prozračna zona

en:

zone of aeration

de:

durchlüftete Zone (e)

fr:

zone (f) d'aériation (f)

it:

zona (sf) aerea


319:

hr:

razina krške vode

en:

karst(ic) water level

de:

Karstwasserniveau (s)

fr:

niveau (m) d'eau karstique

it:

livello (sm) idrico carsico


320:

hr:

šupljina, špilja, kaverna

en:

cavity; grotto

de:

Kaverne (e)

fr:

caverne (f)

it:

cavità (sf); grotta (sf)


321:

hr:

raspremiti

en:

derig (GB); rig out

de:

ausbauen

fr:

déséquipment (m)

it:

disarmo (sm)


*322:

hr:

konkrecije, nakupine, taložine, sige

en:

concretion

de:

Konkretion (e); Verfestigung (e)

fr:

concrétion (f)

it:

concrezione (sf)


323:

hr:

stijena

en:

rock

de:

Gestein (s)

fr:

roche (f)

it:

roccia (sf)


324:

hr:

zračni džep, zračno zvono

en:

air pocket

de:

Luftglocke (e)

fr:

cloche (f)

it:

sacca (sf) d'aria


325:

hr:

strop, plafon

en:

ceiling

de:

Dach (s); Decke (e)

fr:

plafond (m)

it:

soffitto (sm)


326:

hr:

listićave škrape

en:

pendant (rock-); blade (rock-)

de:

Deckenkarren (r)

fr:

lame (f) de dissolution; lapiaz de voûte; pendant (m)

it:

lama (sf)


*327:

hr:

sitni šljunak, kvazi konglomerat

en:

rice paddy

de:

Sinterbecken (s)

fr:

it:

vaschetta (sf)


328:

hr:

špiljsko mlijeko

en:

moonmilk

de:

Bergmilch (e); Mondmilch (Mont-) (e)

fr:

mondmilch (m)

it:

latte (sm) di monte


329:

hr:

goli krš, ljuti krš

en:

open karst

de:

nackter Karst (r)

fr:

karst barré (m+adj); karst nu (m+adj)

it:


330:

hr:

sredstva za trasiranje

en:

tracing material

de:

Markierungsstoff (r)

fr:

traceur (m)

it:

tracciante (sm)


331:

hr:

faseta, strujnica

en:

flute; scallop

de:

Fließfacette (e); Fießmarke (e)

fr:

vague d'érosion (f)

it:

flute (sf)


333:

hr:

piktografi, petroglifi

en:

pictograph (US); petroglyph

de:

Felsbild

fr:

dessin rupestre (m+adj)

it:

disegno (sm) rupestre


334:

hr:

speleo-

en:

spelean

de:

höhlen-

fr:

spéléo-

it:

speleo-


336:

hr:

provlačenje, ključanica, suženje

en:

catwalk; keyhole; squeeze

de:

Engstelle (e); Nadelöhr (s)

fr:

chatiére (f); étrioture (f)

it:

buco (sm) di serratura; strettoia (sf)


337:

hr:

taložine, sedimenti u lokvama

en:

pool deposit

de:

Beckenablagerung (e); Stillwasserablagerung (e)

fr:

it:

deposito(sm) lacustre


338:

hr:

terra rossa, crljenica, crvenica

en:

terra rossa

de:

Terra-rossa

fr:

terra rossa (f+adj)

it:

terra (sf) rossa


339:

hr:

šupljina, praznina

en:

cavity

de:

Hohlraum (r); Höhlung

fr:

cavité (f)

it:

cavità


340:

hr:

šupljikav, kavernozan

en:

cavernous

de:

kavernös

fr:

caverneux, -se (adj)

it:

cavernoso/a (ag)


341:

hr:

kameni blok, samac

en:

boulder

de:

fr:

éboulis

it:

masso (sm); macigni (sm)


342:

hr:

špiljsko stanište

en:

cave dwelling

de:

Höhlenwohnung

fr:

habitation troglodytique

it:

cavernicolo/a (ag)


Abbreviations used:

Country codes (ISO-3166 Standard):
AT =Austria
AU =Australia
BR =Brazil
DE =Germany
FR =France
GB =United Kingdom
HR =Croatia
HU =Hungary
IS =Iceland
IT =Italy
NL =Netherlands
PT =Portugal
RO =Romania
SI =Slovenia
US =United States
VE =Venezuela
Language codes (ISO-639 Standard):
de =German
en =English
es =Spanish
fr =French
hu =Hungarian
it =Italian
pt =Portuguese
ro =Romanian
Word qualifiers:
adj  =adjective
f    =feminine
m    =masculine
v    =verb
tr   =transitive
intr =intransitive
r    =der
e    =die
s    =das
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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